All living things have basic needs for survival: food, water, shelter, and space. Wild animals meet their needs in their natural environment. A habitat is the place an animal lives which contails its food, water, shelter, and space. Students should be able to tell how different organisms interact as they meet their needs. For example, a bear may find shelter to hibernate in in a cave or deep crevice, while a bird may make a nest out of materials available.
This lesson mentions making a terrarium as a "Show what you know" project. A variety of terrariums can be made for this lesson.
Aquatic: Fill an aquarium with water, fish plants, snails, crab, crayfish, an air pump and water filter may be needed to keep the water clean and oxygenated.
Swamp: Fill an aquarium with 2 inches of sand, peat, and gravel mixed together. Add a large pan of water, mossess, ferns, and sprinkle with water. Then add frogs, newts, salamanders, toads or turtles. Finally add live insects: meal worms, worms snails or slugs.
Desert: Fill an aquarium with 2 inches of sand, add rocks, dish of water, desert plants, and snakes, lizards or horned toads. A "hot rock" (an electrical heating element) may be required to heat the terrarium at night.
Be sure to ask your local pet store employee for special car and feeding instructions for the animals you choose.