SP.11.1 - The water cycle describes the flow of water through evaporation,

condensation into clouds, and precipitation over water and land, returning

most water to the oceans.

SP.11.2 - The oceans are vast bodies of salt water that cover a large

percentage of the earth's surface.

SP.11.3 - Water in the oceans is always moving and differential temperatures

affect the temperature and moisture of the air that passes over the oceans

and onto the land.

SP.11.4 - People use the oceans to meet many needs.


SI.11.1 - Water may be collected in natural waterways and reservoirs, or

tapped by wells from below ground surface; but it all comes from


SI.11.2 - Though each has its own features (circulation, climate, marine

life, etc), the earth's four largest oceans are connected and contains

organisms reflecting the earth's evolution.

SI.11.3 - The oceans' water circulates and moves from a number of causes

(density, rotation, differential solar energy, gravitational pull of the

moon), exchanging heat energy and moisture content with the air above it.

SI.11.4 - Water is essential to all forms of life.


SJ.11.1 - The oceans affect climate and geology through a number of related

processes (evaporation, rotation and circulation, uneven heating

of surface and atmosphere, differential depth, erosion and deposition, etc).

SJ.11.2 - Marine organisms have evolved over the eons as oceans and their

environments have changed due to tectonic processes and glaciations,

altering the sea level, the volume of ocean water, and the chemical

composition of the oceans.

SJ.11.3 - Waters circulate primarily because of winds, solar heating, and

the earth's rotation. Ocean tides are caused mainly by the gravitational

pull of the moon and sun on the earth.

SJ.11.4 - The ocean basins have been used as a dumping ground for human

waste materials and are a source of nonrenewable fossil fuels.


SH.11.1 - Differential conditions of temperature, pressure and moisture are

created by the rotation of the earth and the presence of an atmosphere,

causing ocean currents, winds, and evaporation, condensation, and

precipitation of water.

SH.11.2 - Marine communities have evolved as the result of tectonic

forces, crustal movement, and other geomorphic processes.

SH.11.3 - The oceans moderate climates on land.

SH.11.4 - As people use the oceans to meet many of their needs, an

understanding of the complexity of oceans' interacting system is an

invaluable element of marine resource management.