Cortisol-hormones released by the adrenal cortex; regulates energy metabolism.
effector-a tissue or organ that produces a response to a hormone.
homeostasis-constancy of the internal environment.
hormone-regulatory chemicals that alter target cells metabolism.
hyper-over, above, excessive.
hypo-under, below, less.
Negative feedback loop-mechanisms in the body that act to maintain a state of homeostasis; effectors are activated by changes in the internal environment, and the actions of the effectors serve to counter act these changes and maintain a state of balance.
Parathyroid hormone-released by the parathyroid glands; acts to raise blood levels of calcium.
signs-what the doctor finds upon physical examination and test performed.
symptoms-what the patient is feeling and can describe to the doctor.
target cells/organs-the cells/organs that are specifically affected by the action of a hormone or other regulatory process,
T.S.H.-Thyroid Stimulating Hormone-hormone released by the anterior pituitary gland; stimulates the thyroid gland.
Thyroxine-hormone released by the thyroid gland; regulates metabolic rates.